Labofex ~ Experimental and Applied Plasma Physics ~ Press Release
Concord, Ontario, Canada, L4K 2J6
Fax: (905) 738-8427
Canadian Breakthrough in Power Generation
Non-Polluting Electrical Power from Pulsed Cold Plasmas Delivers More Power than it Consumes
Prepares for Manufacturing Development
Fully Protected by Recently granted American, British, and Israeli Patents
Read more @ http://rexresearch.com/correa/correa.htm
Paulo and Alexandra Correa have developed a detailed model of a dynamic ether, known as aetherometry. Their experiments with electroscopes, ‘orgone accumulators’ (specially designed metal enclosures or Faraday cages), and Tesla coils point to the existence of both electric and nonelectric forms of etheric energy. They rule out a purely electromagnetic ether, such as the zero-point field of quantum physics. They contend that ether units ‘superimpose’ to form physical particles, which take the shape of a torus. Pursuing an insight of Wilhelm Reich, they have found evidence that photons do not travel through space: the sun emits electric, etheric radiation which can travel much faster than light, and photons are transient, vortex-like structures generated from the energy shed by decelerating physical charges (such as electrons). They argue that gravity is essentially an electrodynamic force, and have found experimental evidence of antigravity (Aetherometry and gravity). Aetherometry proposes that the rotational and translatory movements of planets, stars, and galaxies are the result of spinning, vortical motions of ether on multiple scales.
The Correas have developed several power-generation technologies:
• the patented Pulsed Abnormal Glow Discharge (PAGD) plasma reactor, which produces excess energy by setting up a resonance between accelerated electron plasma and local etheric energy;
• the table-top Aetherometric Fusion Reactor, which uses hydrogen and deuterium to generate both sensible heat and electricity without the need for any moving parts, while partially regenerating the fuel. It employs two controlled nuclear reactions identified by aetherometry;
• the HYBORAC energy converter, which taps the latent heat of a Faraday cage and can supply heat, mechanical work, and electricity around the clock using solar, atmospheric and geologic sources of etheric energy;
• the patented self-sustaining aether motor, which extracts etheric energy from Faraday cage-like enclosures or resonant cavities, living beings, the ground, vacuums, and atmospheric antennas.
Paulo and Alexandra Correa holding PAGD reactors in their laboratory.
The Correas say that their PAGD technology has been ready for commercialization for well over 10 years. Yet despite intense efforts, ‘no sponsor has come forth to help this technology come to fruition. Ecologist movements have been silent on the technology. Politicians, governments and their granting agencies have refused to become involved unless total control is given to them.’
‘Cold fusion’ was born in March 1989 when Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons reported that experiments with electrochemical cells filled with heavy water, using a palladium cathode, had generated so much excess heat that it had probably come from the fusion of two deuterium nuclei (deuterons). Since the experiments took place at room temperature and pressure, this contradicted the mainstream view that the only form of fusion possible is thermonuclear fusion, or ‘hot fusion’, which requires extreme temperatures and pressures to overcome the Coulomb barrier and force two positively-charged nuclei to merge. As a result, ‘cold fusion’ was dismissed as ‘voodoo science’ by most orthodox scientists, especially since several attempts to replicate Fleischmann and Pons’ results were unsuccessful.
Nevertheless, small-scale research has continued to this day in countries such as the US, Russia, China, Japan, Italy, France and Israel, and various anomalous phenomena have repeatedly been verified, though some experimental results are very unpredictable. Cold fusion is now often referred to as low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR), chemically-assisted nuclear reactions (CANR), or condensed matter nuclear science (CMNS). There are many different experimental setups but they usually include: a metal, such as palladium or nickel, in bulk, thin films or powder; deuterium and/or hydrogen, in the form of water, gas or plasma; and an excitation in the form of electricity, magnetism, temperature, pressure, laser beams, or acoustic waves (en.wikipedia.org).
Replicated phenomena include anomalous amounts of heat, helium, small amounts of occasional tritium and neutrons, and transmutation of one element (or isotope) into another. The various reactions are thought to occur on or near the surface of certain special materials containing hydrogen isotopes. And they take place without the application of high energy and without the release of the harmful, high-intensity radiation normally associated with a nuclear process. To overcome or penetrate the Coulomb barrier, hot fusion uses high energy, i.e. brute force, whereas ‘cold fusion’ appears to involve a subtler process similar to that used by a catalyst (Storms, 2010).
That modern science’s understanding of nuclear reactions is inadequate is also shown by the evidence for transmutation in living organisms (Storms, 19). Starting with the work of Louis Kervran in the 1960s, various researchers have established that organisms can create elements they need by transmuting available elements. Moulds and yeasts, for example, are able to increase the concentrations of potassium, magnesium, iron, and calcium in their cells. The abundance of elements on earth has probably been modified by the presence of life, and it may be possible to use bacteria to decontaminate soil. Nature apparently has gentler ways of achieving transmutation and other nuclear reactions than the violent methods known to mainstream science.
Nuclear fission and (hot) fusion involve ‘strong nuclear interactions’, which release energetic electrons and alpha particles, and high-energy neutrons, gamma rays and X-rays. That is why radiation containment structures for commercial fission reactors often have walls consisting of 1 metre thick reinforced concrete and 25 cm thick special steel plates. According to a theory developed by Lewis Larsen and Allan Widom, LENR does not involve nuclear fusion in the strict sense of the term, but rather weak-interaction neutron creation and ultra-low-momentum, neutron-catalyzed, low-energy nuclear reactions (Krivit, 2009, 2010). ‘Weak interactions’ are defined as any type of nuclear process that emits or absorbs a neutrino (a hypothetical, electrically neutral particle with such a tiny mass that it barely interacts with other matter); an example is beta decay, whereby a neutron in an unstable atom emits an electron and a neutrino and turns into a proton.
According to the Widom-Larsen theory, the reason why LENR cells do not emit large fluxes of high-energy neutrons is because nearly all ultra-low-momentum neutrons are absorbed locally. And the reason researchers have seen little or no gamma emissions from LENR experiments – of the kind associated with fission and fusion – is because gamma radiation is internally converted into more-benign, infrared (heat) radiation.
Larsen and Widom see their theory as an extension of the mainstream ‘standard model’ of particle physics, and that’s why they have managed to silence some long-standing critics of ‘cold fusion’. However, the standard model has many illogical and irrational features; a realistic model requires an underlying, subquantum energy continuum – the ether (see The farce of modern physics).
A large proportion of cold fusion researchers do not accept the Widom-Larsen theory on the grounds that it cannot explain all the phenomena that occur. Its critics propose, for example, that protons or deuterons, rather than neutrons, play a key role in transmutation (Storms, 2010). At present there is no generally accepted, comprehensive theory of LENR.
Larsen (2008) argues that if successfully commercialized, low-energy nuclear reactions could herald a new era of affordable, safe and clean energy.
Being nuclear, LENRs could potentially improve by many orders of magnitude the density and longevity of energy storage compared with existing technologies such as chemical batteries and electrostatic capacitors, and provide a vast array of cost effective, scalable, portable, and distributed power generation systems that could be deployed throughout the world. … LENRs can be used to develop a safe nuclear energy technology that does not create dangerous hard radiation and/or long-lived radioactive and toxic wastes.
Larsen (2009) argues that LENR may also solve many serious public safety and environmental problems associated with current nuclear fission technologies.
[R]adioactive nuclear waste in spent reactor fuel rods and assemblies could potentially be processed onsite with LENR technology to transmute waste into complex arrays of non-radioactive stable elements and isotopes. Exactly the same approach could be used to get rid of fuel remaining in nuclear reactors after permanent shutdown.
Italian inventor Andrea Rossi, with the help of Sergio Focardi, has developed a nickel-hydrogen reactor, known as the Energy Catalyzer or E-Cat (ecat.com; e-catworld.com; pesn.com). The device is said to work by infusing heated hydrogen into nickel with the aid of an unnamed catalyst, resulting in the transmutation of nickel into copper and the release of heat; it allegedly generates about 6 to 10 times more energy than it consumes. Rossi has been granted an Italian patent, but his application for an international patent has run into difficulties because it is not detailed enough. In a demonstration for an invited audience on 28 October 2011, a 1 MWth device operated for over 5 hours at a power level of about 472 kW in self-sustained mode, but Rossi says that the reactor is easier to control if the input power is kept on.
The E-Cat has generated great controversy both inside and outside the LENR community. Exactly what is happening in the device remains unclear as Rossi has not published all the necessary data; several critical questions have been raised about his claim that a proton is added to the nickel nucleus (newenergytimes.com; en.wikipedia.org). Rossi says he is more interested in making money than convincing sceptical scientists. An undisclosed branch of the US military has reportedly shown interest in purchasing a 1 MW plant for 2 million euros and ordered another 12. Rossi’s US-based company Leonardo Corporation hoped to start selling home heaters in 2013, and several rival companies are planning to develop nickel-hydrogen reactors (scientificexploration.org). Whether anything comes of these plans remains to be seen.
Andrea Rossi pictured with E-Cat.
BlackLight Power Inc., founded by Randell Mills in 1991, claims to have discovered a new, sustainable, nonpolluting energy source. The patented BlackLight process is said to involve the formation of a previously unknown form of hydrogen called ‘hydrino’. Hydrinos are produced when the electron in a hydrogen atom transitions to an energy state below its ‘ground state’, resulting in a smaller-radius hydrogen atom – something which is impossible according to orthodox science. This is accompanied by the release of large amounts of chemical energy, which can generate power as either electricity or heat. The only consumable, the hydrogen fuel, is obtainable from water, using only 0.5% of the electrical output.
Mills has received no government funding, but has attracted millions of dollars from private investors. In 2009 and 2010 Rowan University scientists independently validated BlackLight’s solid fuel chemistry and hydrino products. Recently, scientists at the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics verified the unique spectral emission of hydrinos (blacklightpower.com).
BlackLight Power is developing a Catalyst Induced Hydrino Transition (CIHT) cell, which produces electricity by reacting hydrogen to form hydrinos.
The cost is forecast at $25 per kW with no dependence on the electrical grid, fuels infrastructure, sun, wind, or other external variable power sources allowing the CIHT cell to be autonomous. … It is expected that CIHT will competitively, economically, logistically, and environmentally displace essentially all power sources of all sizes: thermal, electrical, automotive, marine, rail, aviation, and aerospace. (blacklightpower.com)
Whether this is a realistic assessment or just hype remains to be seen.